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Siamoise (ikat) of linen and cotton
French (Rouen?), second half of the 18th century

A partial bedcover or valance of French ikat woven with linen warp and cotton weft, with bands of checkerboard (quadrille) and ikat, and with one scalloped edge bound with blue grosgrain ribbon.

Such textiles were commonly referred to in the eighteenth century as siamoises de Rouen, so called for the foreign origin of the design—the flammée patterning strongly resembled the ikats of Siam (modern-day Thailand)—as well as the large local industry producing these in Rouen.

See also Florence Montgomery, Textiles in America, 1650-1870 (Winterthur: 1984), pp. 347-48, pl. D-45; Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, et al, Les étoffes (Paris: Editions de l'amateur, 1994), pp. 357-58; and Ina Baghdiantz McCabe, Orientalism in Early Modern France: Eurasian Trade, Exoticism, and the Ancien Régime (Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2008), pp. 222-23.


59.75 x 89.5 in. (151.765 x 227.33 cm)




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