In 1770, Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf, the director of the highly regarded printing factory in Jouy outside of Paris, introduced engraved copperplate printing, a technique invented by Francis Nixon in Ireland in 1752. The engraved copperplates allowed for a precision of line and detail which was previously unobtainable with carved wooden blocks. While printing from copperplates limits the palette to monochromatic designs, it is this feature which now defines and identifies these archetypal documents of European textile printing. Genre scenes such as this depiction of maritime commerce with fishing boats, crenellated towers, and rocky islands were widely popular.
This example is illustrated in French Printed Fabrics: Toiles de Jouy by Josette Brédif (1989; p. 131).